Form validation in angularjs


In this demo, we will discuss about the form validation in angular js. Since we all come across forms to send data to server and its needed to validate input from the user. So that desired value can be submitted from the form. Html also provide basic level of form-validation. Angular also provides is built in form validation. So let's start how form can be validated by angularjs.


Requirements of form fields

  • Name is required
  • Email is required with valid email address
  • Password is required 
  • Password and confirm password should match
  • Form submit is disabled if the form isn't valid
  • Show a required or invalid email error
  • city,zipcode,choose type & company is required
  • Alert text if submitted correctly

These are the validation we have to implement in our form fields.

AngularJS includes the following validation directives.

Directive Description
ng-required Sets required attribute on an input field.
ng-minlength Sets minlength attribute on an input field.
ng-maxlength Sets maxlength attribute on an input field. Setting the attribute to a negative or non-numeric value, allows view values of any length.
ng-pattern Sets pattern validation error key if the ngModel value does not match the specified RegEx expression.


State Properties Of Angularjs

Angular includes properties which return the state of form and input controls. The state of the form and control changes based on the user's interaction and validation errors. Below listed built-in properties can be accessed using form name or input control name. To check the form status use formName.propertyName, and to check the state of input control, use formName.inputFieldName.propertyName.

Lists the state properties.


Property Description
$error $error object contains all the validation attributes applied to the specified element.
$pristine Returns true if the user has not interacted with control yet else returns false.
$valid Returns true if the model is valid
$invalid Returns true if the model is invalid
$dirty Returns true if user changed the value of model at least once
$touched Returns true if the user has tabbed out from the control.
$untouched Returns true if the user has not tabbed out from the control.


Now let's have a look on demo code step by step. So have a look on the html form.


<form ng-submit="mainVm.addPerson(userForm.$valid)" name="userForm" novalidate>
<h1>Angular1 Form validation</h1>
<div class="form-group">
<input type="text" name="name" class="form-control" placeholder="Enter name" ng-model="" required>
<div ng-messages="$error" class="has-error" ng-if="$dirty">
<p ng-message="required">Name is required</p>
<div class="form-group">
<label>Email address</label>
<input type="email" name="email" class="form-control" placeholder="Email" ng-model="" required>
<div ng-messages="$error" class="has-error" ng-if="$dirty">
<p ng-message="required">Email is required</p>
<p ng-message="email">Email is invalid</p>
<div class="form-group">
<input type="password" class="form-control pass" name="password" ng-model="mainVm.newPerson.password" placeholder="Password" ng-minlength="6" required/>
<div ng-messages="userForm.password.$error" class="has-error" ng-if="userForm.password.$dirty">
<p ng-message="required">Password is required</p>
<p ng-message="minlength">Password should be at least 6 digit length</p>
<div class="form-group">
<label>Confirm Password</label>
<input type="password" class="form-control" name="confirm_password" ng-model="mainVm.newPerson.confirm_password" placeholder="Confirm Password" ng-minlength="6" required/>
<div ng-messages="userForm.confirm_password.$error" class="has-error" ng-if="userForm.confirm_password.$dirty">
<p ng-message="required">Fill confirm password</p>
<p ng-message="minlength">It should be at least 6 digit length</p>
<span style="color:red" ng-show="mainVm.newPerson.password != mainVm.newPerson.confirm_password">Your passwords must match.</span>
<div class="form-group">
<input type="text" name="city" class="form-control" placeholder="City" ng-model="" required>
<div ng-messages="$error" class="has-error" ng-if="$dirty">
<p ng-message="required">City is required</p>
<div class="form-group">
<input type="text" name="zip" class="form-control" placeholder="ZipCode" ng-model="" required ng-pattern="/^[0-9]{6}$/">
<div ng-messages="$error" class="has-error" ng-if="$dirty">
<p ng-message="required">Zip is required</p>
<p ng-message="pattern">Zip must have 6 digits</p>
<div class="form-group">
<label>Choose type</label>
<select class="form-control" name="selecttype" ng-model="mainVm.newPerson.selecttype" required />
<option value="">choose</option>
<div ng-messages="userForm.selecttype.$error" class="has-error" ng-if="userForm.selecttype.$dirty">
<p ng-message="required">Zip is required</p>
<div class="form-group">
<input type="text" name="company" class="form-control" placeholder="Company" ng-model="" required minlength="5">
<div ng-messages="$error" class="has-error" ng-if="$dirty">
<p ng-message="required">Company is required</p>
<p ng-message="minlength">Company must be less than 5 letters></p>
<button type="submit" class="btn btn-success" ng-disabled="userForm.$invalid">Submit</button>


Let's understand the above example step by step:

  1. Apply novalidate attribute in <form> tag. The novalidate attribute will disable the browser's default validation.
  2. Now, set required on the input elements. Also, set name attribute to the name of model property,
  3. Create <div> element to specify an error message with every input field where the validation directive is applied.
  4. inside div of error message we need to set the <p> for showing each specific error(<p ng-message="required">Name is required</p>).
  5. Set ng-messaages="<formName>.<fieldName>.$error" class="has-error" ng-if="<formName>.<fieldName>.$dirty". Definitions of these angular directive have been listed above.
  6. In any filed we want to set minimum length of maximum length, We need to set ng-minlength="8" and ng-maxlength=10.

Now have a look on the angular part(script.js).


var app = angular.module('formvalidation', ['ngMessages']);
angular.module('formvalidation').controller('MainController', MainControllerfn);
function MainControllerfn() {
mainVm = this;
mainVm.addPerson = function(){
alert('form is submitted!!!');
mainVm.people = [{}]


In the above code, only app declration is there and basic controller is defined.

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You can download complete code from here. Download Code